Annotated works of Francis Marion



Brigadier General Francis Marion (1732? – 1795), South Carolina's most prominent Revolutionary War hero, has been the subject of a large number of works in American Literature. Shortly after his death, a myth formed surrounding General Marion and his Brigade. By 1809, the earliest book dealing with Marion was published. It was Mason Locke Weems' Life of Gen. Marion, an instructive book which is well-known for its exaggeration. Since 1809 to the present year, Francis Marion has continuously interested authors.

Francis Marion served in the Continental Army and also in the South Carolina legislature. He strongly desired to help free Americans from the British crown and to establish fair laws for citizens. Marion is perhaps best known for his military tactics as a militia leader. Marion's Brigade, a relatively small number of local men, waged guerilla warfare in the southern swamps and won a series of surprise attacks against trained British troops. Eyewitnesses told tales, and then stories came to be written about General Marion. These tales wreathe his name in superlatives. His morals, bravery, ethics, honor, genius, and skill are said to be of unquestionable integrity. These traits are attributed to his family life, religion, survival skills, a keen observance of the natural world and of the nature of man.


The people of Marion's native state and nation have honored this patriot of American liberty. The Pee Dee River Region has commemorated him by naming the first college in the area for him. In 1970 the school was officially founded and named Francis Marion College. Its name was later changed to Francis Marion University.

Since its founding, the James A. Rogers Library at the University, has made efforts to acquire books related to General Marion. Currently, the Special Collections contains over 60 such titles including historical biographies, and tales for children and adults alike. Fact and fancy pervade the list of writings in this bibliography. Here are found many children's books old and new, works by historians and other researchers, fiction, military memoirs, and even drama. It is hoped that this annotated compilation will assist those with an interest in the "Swamp Fox".

--M. Suzanne Singleton

Reference Librarian



Bristow, Gwen.  Celia Garth.  New York:  Thomas Y. Crowell, 1959*

Set in Charleston in 1780-82, an independendent young woman finds work as a seamstress in a dress shop.  Later she is employed by a wealthy aristocrat who provides a hideout for Francis Marion.  When Celia marries one of Marion's men she, too, becomes involved in espionage for the revolutionary cause.

____ ____.   1st edition.  New York:  Thomas Y. Crowell, 1959

____ ____.   Celia Garth:  a Story of Charleston in the Revolution.  Charleston, S.C.:  Nautical and Aviation Publishing Co., 1959, 1999 printing*

Gerson, Noel Bertram. The Swamp Fox. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1967*

A biographical novel emphasizing how Marion's youth in the swamps of the South Carolina lowcounty prepared him for guerilla warfare.

Lancaster, Bruce. Phantom Fortress. Boston: Little, Brown, 1950*

An historical romance novel in which hero Ross Pembroke escapes from a British prison, joins Marion's rugged fighters, and falls in love with a refugee of a West Indian insurrection.

Ligotti, Gene.  Swamp Fox:  Southern Gentleman of the American Revolution.  [Philadelphia]:  Xlibris, 2000*

Second book in a trilogy of stories centered around different heroes of the American Revolution.  This fictionalized history of Marion's leadership in the war is highly dramatic, romantic, and often humorous.  A prominent character is Oscar Maxwell, Marion's freedman servant.

Taylor, David. Sycamore Men. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1958*

Colonel Dixon Blakely, leader of the men of Sycamore Crossroads under the orders of General Washington, has differences with General Marion.

Fiction - Juvenile

Allen, Merritt Parmelee. Battle Lanterns. New York: Longmans Green, 1949

An adventure tale intended for older boys. The youth, William Barlow, meets General Marion and serves him during the last years of the American Revolution.

Brown, Marion Marsh. The Swamp Fox. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1950*

A novel for ten to fourteen year-olds. Marion's boyhood zest for adventure is related, and tied-in to his adult motives as freedom fighter. Illustrated by Carl Kidwell.

Buck, Elizabeth Hawthorn. Mount and Ride! New York: Wm. Penn, 1942

A brother and sister escort a wounded Tory soldier to their home. They discover he is an Irishman who has no allegiance to the English crown he represents. Includes poem "Song of Marion's Men," by William Cullen Bryant.

Carmer, Elizabeth and Carl. Francis Marion: Swamp Fox of the Carolinas.
Discovery Books. Champaign, IL.: Garrard, 1962*

The story of Francis Marion's life and military career are told in a simple way for young children. Illustrated by William Plummer.

Comstock, Harriett T. An Unintentional Patriot. Philadelphia: Henry Altemus,1906

A book intended for girls that tells the story of two friends who take opposing sides in the Revolutionary War. Illustrated by F.A. Eckman.

Cox, Stephen Angus. The Dare Boys and the Swamp Fox. New York: A.L.Chatterton, 1910

The adventurous brothers Dick and Tom Dare and friend Ben Foster attack the Tories, with spirit. Later Marion invites them to join his troops. Illustrated by Rudolf Mencl.

Dean, Sidney Walter. Knight of the Revolution. Philadelphia: Macrae-Smith, 1941

Intended for older boys, this novel portrays Marion's chivalry and patriotism. Contains bibliography, no index.

DeMorgan, John. Marion and His Men. Boys of Liberty Library. New York:Street & Smith, 1892

This life of the General, from his birth to retirement, dramatizes the heroic highlights of his career. This didactic story urges youth to recognize the values of liberty and honor.

Ellerbe, Rodena.  Shadow of the Swamp Fox. [S.el.: s.n.], 2006*

A story of an African-American child growing up in 1950's Alabama. Sixth-grader William Herbert Arrington, Jr., whose father dies in World War II France, lives with his grandmother.  "Jr." learns about General Francis Marion in his history class and delivers an animated speech on the general, earning praise from his teacher.  The boy's search for a hero in his life leads to his daydreams of being a member of Marion's men. This book was self-published by a graduate of Francis Marion University.

Key, Alexander. Liberty or Death: the Narrative of William Dunbar, Partisan. 1st ed. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1936

An historical novel for boys. A South Carolina youth befriends a messenger from Kentucky during the siege of Charleston. Illustrations by the author.

Koob, Theodora. Benjy Brant: Dragooning with the Swamp Fox. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1965

The Brant family farm is destroyed by British soldiers under orders of Major Wemyss.  Fourteen year-old Benjy Brant leaves home in anger over the British troops' cruelty, and because of his father's refusal to spare their property by taking the oath of allegiance. The boy seeks revenge by joining Marion's men.  In the end, Benjy understands the sacrifice and honor of his father. Illustration by Leonard Vosburgh.

Lucas, Eric. Swamp Fox Brigade: Adventures with General Francis Marion's Guerrillas. Young World Books. New York: International, 1945

Seth Baker becomes a scout with Marion's Brigade. The young man faces torture and death while tracking the British alone. This adventure story uses Southern dialect for realism. Illustrated by Julian Brazelton.

Otis, James. The Minute Boys of South Carolina: a Story of "How We Boys Aided Marion, the Swamp Fox." Boston: Page, 1907

James Otis Kaler who sometimes used the pseudonym James Otis, was known for numerous boys' adventure stories. This book was part of his "Minute Boys" series. In the book's fictional foreword, the author states that the source of his story was a series of manuscripts written by Rufus Randolph, a distant relative of brothers Francis and Gabriel Marion. Sixteen year-olds Rufus and Gabriel form the Minute Boys as scouts for Marion, but one among them proves to be a traitor. Illustrated by J.W.F.Kennedy.

_____ ______. With the Swamp Fox: a Story of General Marion's Young Spies. 1st ed.
Young Patriot Series. New York: A.L. Burt, 1899

Bob Sumter, nephew of an officer, narrates his story of fighting Tories in Britton's Neck with his brother Percy. General Marion's last words are printed in front of the book. Illustrated by J. Watson Davis.

Myers, Jonathan. Swamp Fox: Birth of a Legend. 1st ed. Apalachin, N.Y.: Ambition Studios, 2003*

A graphic novel in which the soldiers of Marion's brigade are portrayed as animals of the southern forest, with General Marion as a red fox.  Created by Jonathan and Lola Myers, the book is recommended for all ages.  Bibliography included.

Reynolds, John Murray. Bugles at Midnight. New York: D. Appleton, 1931*

Sixteen year-old Michael Blair, a loyalist from New York, chances to meet the Swamp Fox while hunting with his Southern cousins. After Mohawks directed by Tories kill his father, he takes revenge against the Tories. This novel gives an inside view of militia life in Marion's Brigade. Includes a poem "Marion's Men," by an unnamed author. Illustrated by Cameron Wright.

Richmond, Roe. Island Fortress: the Story of Francis Marion. Winston Adventure Books. Philadelphia: Winston, 1952

This novel tells the story of a young man whose parents are killed by the British. He joins Marion's fight with fury and a passion for revenge. Illustrated by Donald E. Cooke.

Steele, William O. Francis Marion, Young Swamp Fox. 1st ed. The Childhood
of Famous Americans Series. Indianapolis: Bobbs Merrill, 1954

A story of Marion's childhood that suggests his military might sprang from his youthful experiences in lowcountry terrain, his wit, and his family values. Illustrated by Dirk Gringhuis.


Bass, Robert D. Swamp Fox: the Life and Campaigns of General Francis Marion.
1st ed. New York: Henry Holt, 1959*; London: Alvin Redman, 1960; Columbia, SC: Sandlapper, 1972**

A scholarly modern biography with copious notes, by a professor of English at Furman University. Includes Marion's epitaph. Holt and Sandlapper publications are illustrated.

Blanchard, Amos. American Military Biography: Containing the Lives and Characters of the Officers of the American Revolution, Who Were Most Distinguished in Achieving Our National Independence. Also, the Life of Gilbert Motier La Fayette, Major-General in the Continental Army, Marshal of France, and Commander-in-Chief of the National Guards. Cincinnati: E. Walters, 1830

A chapter on Francis Marion includes Col. Peter Horry's interesting account of the famed "sweet potato dinner."

____ ____.Cincinnati: Printed at the Chronicle Office, 1834.

Boddie, William Willis.Traditions of the Swamp Fox: Williams W. Boddie's

Francis Marion. Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Co., 2000*

Drawn from many traditional resources, the author has compiled a rich history told in a storyteller's style. A lengthy introduction by Steven D. Smith tells of the research problems involved in studying Marion. This manuscript was written in 1938, two years before Boddie's death. In 1996 it was given to the Williamsburgh Historical Society who published it with very little editing. Includes bibliography and index.

Bynum, William. Francis Marion: The Swamp Fox, Historic Georgetown
Leaflet No. 10. Georgetown, SC: The Rice Museum, 1975

Various illustrations.

Ceremonies Attending the Unveiling of a Painting of Marion's Camp by
DeHartburn Washington. Columbia, SC, 1972

The program distributed at the ceremony, which includes the text of the address delivered by Senator Eugene N. Zeigler.

Clarkson, Heriot. Heroic Incidents in the Life of General Francis Marion.
Charlotte, NC: Huneycutt Press, 1907

A speech praising Marion's character delivered to the Society of the Cincinnati in Charlotte, NC. The text draws on Frost's Pictorial Life or a common source. Bound with The Hornets Nest.

Cross, J. Russell. Historic Ramblin's thorough Berkeley. Columbia, SC: R.L.

Includes biographical sketch of General Marion and highway marker inscription.

Gragg, Rod. Pirates, Planters, and Patriots: Historical Tales from the South
Grand Strand. Winston Salem, NC: Peace Hill, 1984*

One chapter about Francis Marion. Illustrated.

Hartley, Cecil. Heroes and Patriots of the South; Comprising Lives of General
Marion, General William Moultrie, General Andrew Pickens, and
Governor John
Rutledge. With Sketches of Other Distinguished Heroes and Patriots who Served in the Revolutionary War in the Southern States. Philadelphia: G.G. Evans, 1860

Twenty-two chapter section on Francis Marion's military career. Illustrated by G.G. White.

____ ____. The Life of Gen. Francis Marion: also, Lives of Generals Moultrie
Pickens, and Governor Rutledge. With Sketches of Other Distinguished Heroes and Patriots in the Revolutionary War in the Southern States. Philadelphia: Davis, Porter and Coates, 1866**

Identical text and illustrations as the 1860 Evans edition.

Headley, Joel Tyler. "Life of Brigadier-General Marion." Chap. In Makers of
American History. New York: The University Society, 1905

This chapter is a short history of Marion's life, especially his involvement in the American Revolution. The story is told with colorful description, and there are a few interesting anecdotes not commonly found. Also includes Headley's chapters on Nathaniel Greene and General Lafayette, and a chapter by Alexander H. Everett on Patrick Henry.

James, William Dobein. A Sketch of the Life of Brig. Gen. Francis Marion.Charleston, SC: Gould and Riley, 1821

Written by a teen-aged member of Marion's Brigade when he was about age 56, this book chronicles the actions of British and American troops. Rankin says James' chronology is flawed, however. Contains Marion's epitaph.

_____ _____. Marietta, GA: Continental, 1948**

This reprint includes a photograph of the 1821 title page and last page. It also includes an introduction by Alexander S. Salley.

_____ _____. Wilmington, NC: Dram Tree 2008*

Edited by Jack E. Fryar, Jr., a local historian from North Carolina. Illustrated with engravings from various sources.

Judson, L. Carroll.  The Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution.  Revised ed.  Philadelphia: Published by the Author, 1852

Brief biographical sketches of 243 individuals including Francis Marion, with identical tale of the sweet potato dinner as found in Blanchard.

Lavender, Abraham D. French Huguenots: from Mediterranean Catholics to
Anglo-Saxon Protestants. American University Studies. New York: Peter
Lang, 1990*

Francis Marion is mentioned as part of a Huguenot kinship group in coastal South Carolina. Includes bibliography and index.

Lossing, Benson J. Eminent Americans Comprising Brief Biographies of Three Hundred and Thirty Distinguished Persons. New York: Mason Brothers, 1857

Marion's date of death is incorrectly given as February 29. In fact it was February 27.

Moore, Horatio, N. Life and Services of Gen. Anthony Wayne. Philadelphia:
Leary and Getz, 1859

Published with The Life and Times of Gen. Francis Marion. See description below.

____ ____. The Life and Times of Gen. Francis Marion. Philadelphia: Leary
and Getz, 1845

The author writes of Marion's "strategic wisdom, heroic exploits, and military successes" a generation after the revolution. Both editions are "Embellished with eight engravings." Endnotes in appendix.

____ ____. Philadelphia: John B. Perry, 1855

The National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. Philadelphia: Robert E. Peterson, 1852

An entry in this four volume set notes Marion and his men for their vigilance, courage, and local knowledge in success against the British.

Peterson, Charles J.  The Military Heroes of the Revolution:  With a Narrative of the War of Independence.  Philadelphia:  Jas. B. Smith, 1858

The editor of Peterson's Magazine, the most popular ladies' magazine in nineteenth century America, published several books on American military history, including this title.  The beginning of the book outlines the revolutionary war with the remainder consisting of 33 biographies, some of lesser-known heroes.  There is an eight-page chapter on Francis Marion, who Peterson calls "a terror to the foe."  Illustrated.

____ ____. Philadelphia: William A. Leary, 1848**

A facsimile reprint published in 2007 by Kessinger Publishing Legacy Reprints

Rankin, Hugh F. Francis Marion: the Swamp Fox. Leaders of the American
Revolution Series. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1973*

Most recent account of the life of Marion, the book focuses on the General's relationship with officers, and his methods of fighting. The author was a professor of history at Tulane University. Includes bibliography.

Simms, William Gilmore. The Life of Francis Marion. 10th ed. New York: George
F. Cooledge, and Brother, 1844; 8th ed. 1846

A popular account by a popular author. More reliant on printed source material than many biographies/histories of the same time period. All of Rogers Library's editions include bibliographical references.

____ ____. 5th ed. New York: Henry G. Langley, 1845

____ ____. New York: J. & H.G. Langley, 1846

____ ____. 10th ed. New York: J.C. Derby, 1854

____ ____. New York: Derby and Jackson, 1857

____ ____. Philadelphia: Geo. G. Evans, 1860

____ ____. Charleston, SC: The History Press 2007*

This paperback edition has an introduction by Sean Busick, a professor of history at Athens State University in Georgia.

Sparks, William Henry. The Memories of Fifty Years: Containing Brief
Notices of Distinguished Americans, and Anecdotes of Remarkable Men; Interspersed with Scenes and Incidents Occurring during a Long Life of Observation Chiefly Spent in the Southwest. Philadelphia: E. Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger; Macon, Ga.: J.W. Burke, 1882.

No index, but references to Francis Marion are on pp. 16-17.

____ ____. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 1870.

Stokes, D.W. The Life of Francis Marion: Being a Brief Account of the Deeds
of the
"Swamp Fox" and a List of Marion's Men. [S.l. : s.n.], 1974

A list of 355 men and officers "who were known to have" fought with Marion's Brigade. A four-page introduction describes Marion's career and importance. Reprinted by Mrs. M. Dubose MacDowell of Aiken, S.C.

Townes, Samuel A. The History of Marion, Alabama. Samford University Library
Research Series. Birmingham, AL: Samford University Library, 1985*

Facsimile of an 1844 edition.

Weems, Mason Locke. The Life of Gen. Francis Marion, a Celebrated Partizan
in the Revolutionary War, Against the British and Tories, in
South-Carolina and
Georgia, by Brigadier General P. Horry. Philadelphia: Mathew Carey, 1809

General Peter Horry's account of his war memoirs was given to Weems to write for publication after the success of Weems' biography of George Washington. The embellishments and inventions inserted by Weems disappointed Horry. Despite this, it proved a very popular biography. One print copy is in Special Collections; another copy is on microfilm.

____ ____. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Printed for the Rev. M.L. Weems, by W.D. Bell
& J.F. Cook, 1814

____ ____. 8th ed. Philadelphia: M. Carey and Sons, 1822

____ ____. 11th ed. Frankford, PA: J. Allen, 1825; 1826

____ ____. 10th ed. Philadelphia: H.G. Carey & J. Lea,. 1825

____ ____. Philadelphia: J. Allen, 1829

____ ____. Philadelphia: J. Allen: sold by Grigg and Elliot, 1833, 1834, 1841,

____ ____. New York: P.M. Davis, 1835

____ ____. Philadelphia: J. Allen: sold by Lippincott, Grambo and Co., 1851

____ ____. [Philadelphia: Joseph Allen :sold by Lippincott, Grambo, 1853?]

This copy lacks title page through p. 16, plus some advertising pages in back.

____ ____. Philadelphia: J. Allen, 1855**

This copy is on microfilm only, in the Library of American Civilization Series.

____ ____. New York: John B. Alden, 1883, 1884

____ ____. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1891

____ ____. Charleston, SC: Tradd Street Press, 1976*

Facsimile of 8th edition, 1822. Contains William Cullen Bryant's poem, "Marion's Men."

____ ____. Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, 2000*

Non-Fiction -- Juvenile

Bodie, Idella. The Revolutionary Swamp Fox. Heroes and Heroines of the
American Revolution. Orangeburg, SC: Sandlapper, 1999

Describes the childhood, military service, and accomplishments of Marion. Includes glossary and bibliography.

Cornelius, Kay. Francis Marion. Revolutionary War Leaders. Philadelphia:
Chelsea House, 2000*

A book for primary grade readers which emphasizes Marion's use of Native American techniques as the key to the victory against Britain. Includes bibliography, index and color photographs.

Fitzhugh, Percy Keese. The Story of General Francis Marion (the Bayard of the
Young Folks' Colonial Library. New York: McLoughlin Brothers, 1907

Fanciful history of Marion's successes. Illustrated by B.M. Fairbanks.

Frost, John. Pictorial Life of General Marion: Embracing Anecdotes
Illustrative of his
Character. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blackiston, 1847

Addressed to youth, this biography reveals the self-sacrifice of the patriots. "Embellished with engravings" throughout.

____ ____. The Swamp Fox; Young Folks' Life of Gen. Francis Marion. Old
Rough and Ready Series. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1887

Identical text as Pictorial Life ...

Grant, Matthew, G. Francis Marion: Swamp Fox. Gallery of Great American
Series. Mankato, MN: Creative Education, 1974

Matthew G. Grant is a pseudonym of Julian Mays, author of many biographies for young readers.  This very brief book written for the elementary level emphasizes the importance of Marion in keeping the Revolution alive in the south until the war was concluded.  Illustrated by John Keely and Dick Brude.

Holbrook, Stewart Hall. The Swamp Fox of the Revolution. New York: Random
House, 1959*

An easy-reading but detailed description of Marion's Brigade's military action. Includes bibliography and index. Illustrated by Ernest Richardson.

Johnston, Charles H.L. Famous Cavalry Leaders, a Book for Boys. Boston: L.C.
Page, 1910

This book contains chapters on many world military leaders, including a 24-page summary on Francis Marion. Emphasis is given to Marion's strength of character and his motivation being the "love of liberty."

Kaufman, Scott.  Francis Marion:  Swamp Fox of South Carolina.  Forgotten Heroes of the American Revolution.  Stockton, N.J.:  OTTN, 2006*

Written by a professor from the FMU history department for children at the fifth-grade level.  The book is illustrated in color with various works of art not previously brought together in other books on Marion.  Includes chronology, glossary, bibliography and index.

Kirkwood, Cort.  Real Men:  Ten Courageous Americans to Know and Admire.  Nashville, TN:  Cumberland House, 2005

The author describes Marion as "second only to George Washington as a hero of the Revolution."  He illustrates Marion's character with stories of his no-nonsense leadership style and devotion to duty.  The author states his purpose is to provide a book of role models for today's young people, especially for boys.  Francis Marion is given the honored place of chapter one in this volume that includes other southern military leaders such as Robert E. Lee, Andrew Jackson, and David Crockett, along with soldiers and athletes of later times.

Life of General Marion; Embracing Anecdotes Illustrative of his Character.
Young American's Library. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1847

John Frost is the author of this book but there is no statement of responsibility given. Otherwise identical to Frost's Pictorial Life ...

McCabe, Nellie.  Stories of the Revolution:  Part III.  Marion, the Swamp Fox.  Instructor Literature Series.  School Classic Series.  Dansville, N.Y.:  F. A. Owen, 1906

The story of Marion's boyhood and military life is told as a series of adventures.  A pamphlet-style school text for third graders.  Illustrated.

Palmer, Kate Salley.  Francis Marion and the Legend of the Swamp Fox.
Central, S.C.: Warbranch Press, 2005*

The story of Marion's part in the Revolution is accompanied by lively full-page color illustrations painted by the author's son, James H. Palmer, Jr.  A glossary and name list are included, as well as illustrations of typical military dress.

Towles, Louis P. Francis Marion:  the Swamp Fox of the American Revolution.
Library of American Lives and Times Series.  New York:  Rosen, 2002*

A professor of history and social studies at Southern Wesleyan University wrote this history for an older audience.  It tells of Marion's military contributions, providing numerous amusing stories.  Richly illustrated with maps and color portraits.  Includes glossary, bibliography, and index.

Williams, Beryl and Samuel Epstein. Francis Marion, Swamp Fox of the
. New York: Julian Messner, 1956*

Written by prolific authors who are husband and wife. This very detailed history of the Revolutionary War is intended for older children. Includes index.

Zadra, Dan.  Francis Marion:  Swamp Fox, 1732-1795.  We the People.  Mankato, MN:  Creative Education Co., 1988

Reprint of an earlier publication from Creative Education, this is based on the text of a book by Matthew G. Grant (Julian Mays). Illustrations by John Keely and Dick Brude are the same as those in Grant's book.


Stovall, Rayburn Clifton. "Francis Marion, 1780-1782". M.A. thesis,
[Morehead, KY]: Morehead State University, 1971

Presents Marion's growing responsibilities as an officer; leadership problems, guerilla logistics, and politics. Includes bibliography.


Recorded Drama

Marion's Men: the Life and Times of the Swamp Fox. New York:
Radio Arts Productions; Columbia, SC: South Carolina Educational Radio Network, 198-? ***

A radio play in eight episodes, written by Ralph Pezulo and directed by Charles Potter and Timothy Jerome. The four sound cassettes run about four hours. Produced in London, English actors portray Parson Weems and General Peter Horry in a tavern, recalling their memories of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina. Horry remembers particular details about Marion. The action then shifts to the past, with each episode dramatizing different feats in Marion's military career. Four cassettes.

Documentaries and Instructional Media

And Then There Were Thirteen. The Early Campaigns of Francis Marion, 1780 and The Later Campaigns of Francis Marion, 1781-82. [Columbia, SC], University of South Carolina and South Carolina Educational Television, 1976***

University of South Carolina professor of history Henry Lumpkin created this history course on the American Revolution in South Carolina and broadcast its twenty installments over educational television. Two installments on Francis Marion are each thirty minutes long. Lumpkin says that Marion "possessed what ancient Romans called 'virtus,' all that goes to make a true man."

Chasing the Swamp Fox.  Columbia, SC:  South Carolina ETV Commission, 2004***

This documentary features notable South Carolina history professionals stating their views on the importance of Marion in the Revolutionary War.  Includes writers Walter B. Edgar, Roy Talbert, Christine Swager and Daniel C. Littlefield, and archaeologist Steven D. Smith.  The images of artist James H. Palmer, Jr. are used along with photographs of archival documents and reenactments.  Length of videodisc is about 60 minutes.

Francis Marion: Patriot of the Pee Dee. Florence, SC: Francis Marion College,

Produced by the Francis Marion College Media Center, this video documentary features Professor G. Wayne King of the History Department. Dr. King lectures on General Marion's military campaigns, while the video montage shows paintings, photographs of scenes associated with Marion's Brigade, and military reenactments. Tape length is about 18 minutes and is damaged.

Swamp Fox. Stories in American History, Set 3. Walt Disney
Productions, 1975***

A filmstrip made from a six-part Walt Disney Presents television series in 1959-1960, starring Leslie Nielsen.* Created as instructional media for junior high school students, this film tells the story of the General's young nephew Gabriel, who is captured and tortured by the Tories. Upon learning of Gabe's death, a Tory lady asks Marion if the fighting is worth his nephew's death. He replies, "Time will tell." This history prematurely places Mary Videau as the General's sweetheart, although they eventually marry after the war. Length of viewing time is 32 minutes.

*Edgar, Kathleen J. Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. Vol. 21. Detroit: Gale, 1999.

 Motion Picture

Swamp Fox. [S.1.:s.n.], 1959-1961***

Walt Disney Productions created this television series as part of its Disneyland program. Written by Lewis R. Foster and directed by Foster with Harry Keller and Louis King, the series featured Leslie Nielsen as General Francis Marion and John Sutton as General Banastre Tarleton. Swamp Fox consisted of eight episodes. The first six where televised in the 1959-1960 season, with two later episodes broadcast in January 1961*. The first season's shows are titled: Birth of the Swamp Fox, Brother against brother, Tory vengeance, Day of reckoning, Redcoat strategy, and A case for treason. Season two presented: A woman's courage and Horses for Greene. The eight color episodes on four digital videodiscs are each approximately 50 minutes in length.

*Internet Movie Database, "Swamp Fox" (accessed May 25, 2005).


Johnstone Family. Papers, 1753-1989.

Family documents including six that are signed by General Marion.

Francis Marion's Order Book, June 1775-May 1777. [S.l.: s.n., 1999?]

A transcription of volume one of the general's military records.

Francis Marion's Order Book, 1782. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina,

A transcription of the order book prepared by John L. Frierson for a master level history course at the University of South Carolina. Includes bibliography and index.

Francis Marion's Orderly Books, June 1775-December 1782. San Marino, CA:
Huntington Library, Art Gallery and Botanical Gardens, 1975

Eleven leather-bound volumes, with hand-written entries that detail Marion's daily assignments to officers and enlisted men. Includes orders for provisions, regimental rules and punishments, and the daily watchword. Three microfilm reels.

O'Kelley, Patrick. Unwaried Patience and Fortitude: Francis Marion's Orderly Book. West Conshohocken, PA: Infinity, 2006

Army veteran O'Kelley transcribed and edited Marion's orderly book including dates June 20, 1775 through December 15, 1782. Includes index, maps, and illustrations.

Rankin, Hugh F. Francis Marion: the Swamp Fox.

Author's hand-written manuscript that was published with the same title in 1973.

The South Carolina Campaign of 16 February to 28 Dec. 1781, as Noted in
Francis Marion's Order Book. Lexington, SC: [S.n.], 1999

A transcription by John L. Frierson. Includes bibliography and index.


Boddie, William Willis. Marion's Men: a List of Twenty-five Hundred.
Charleston, SC: Heisser, 1938

Compiled from Stub Entries to Indents for Revolutionary Claims; published early Revolutionary War histories; and published family histories. Gregg says some names are duplicated.

Chaplin, Ellen P. Facts and Legends of Orangeburg County. [S.l. : s.n. 1981?]

Francis Marion's will is included. Illustrated with photographs by John P. Chaplin.

Gregg, John M. A Roster of Patriots Who Served with Francis Marion.
Hemingway, SC: Three Rivers Historical Society, 1995

Using Boddie's list, the author verified 1,989 names. Includes bibliography.

Jenkins, James. Experience, Labours, and Sufferings of Rev. James Jenkins,
of the South
Carolina Conference. [Columbia, SC]: Printed for the author, 1842

Methodist minister from Britton's Neck relates the skirmishes in which his cousins and two brothers Frank and Samuel died in the service of Marion's Brigade. Our copy appears to be autograph-clipped.

King, David L. Marion, Horry and Weems. Laurel, MT: Erespin Press, 2000*

The author explains that Weems' history of Marion damaged Horry's reputation, as noted through previously unpublished correspondence of the three. Illustrated by David Avila.

Lee, Henry. Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United
. 1st ed. New York: University Publishing Co., 1870

Short biographical sketch of Marion in the appendix. No index, but descriptive table of contents lists references to Marion.

Ramsay, David. The History of the Revolution of South Carolina from a
British Province
to an Independent State. 2 vols. Trenton: Isaac Collins, 1785

Marion is noted in this history for his strategic role in the war. Ramsay praises his genius and character. Includes maps.

Tarleton, Lieutenant General (Banastre). A History of the Campaigns of 1780 and
1781, in the Southern Provinces of North America. London: T. Cadell, 1787

This British officer reputedly gave General Marion his nickname, the "Swamp Fox." Tarleton's published report of the American Revolution refers to Marion's "zeal and abilities," while also pointing out his apparent mistakes in his "insurrections." Includes five maps.

*Additional copy in circulating collection

**In circulating collection only

***In Media Center collection

MSS 06-14-2010

Last Published: August 16, 2010 1:05 PM
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