2.9

The institution, through ownership or formal arrangements or agreements, provides and supports student and faculty access and user privileges to adequate library collections and services and to other learning/information resources consistent with the degrees offered. Collections, resources, and services are sufficient to support all its educational, research, and public service programs. (Learning resources and services)

Compliance Judgment

X     In compliance     Partially compliant     Non-compliant

Narrative

James A. Rogers Library

The James A. Rogers Library collection consists of a variety of materials and resources which support the academic programs of the University. Holdings include books, serials, reference materials, microform, electronic resources, and newly acquired DVD titles to further complement the African American collection. Access to electronic databases, shared ebook collections, and electronic journals as well as access to resources at other libraries are also available via Partnership Among South Carolina Academic Libraries (PASCAL).

The library is open 85.5 hours per week [1]. Normal hours of operation are Monday through Thursday, 8:00 a.m. – 11:00 p.m., Fridays, 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m., Saturdays, 9:00 a.m. – 5 p.m., and Sundays, 2:30 p.m. – 11:00 p.m. as indicated on the library’s website [2]. Library hours are extended during final exam periods and remain open 24 hours per day at the beginning where the heaviest concentration of exams are scheduled [3]. Eighty-three percent of faculty respondents indicate that the library maintains adequate hours to ensure accessibility, while 81% of student respondents agree on adequacy of library hours [4].

Library Resources

The library has 299,002 documents in Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) fiche, and houses a collection of 398,954 books and periodicals including 293,077 printed books; 38,071 books in microform; 45,958 volumes of periodicals in hardcover; and 21,848 volumes of periodicals in microform [5].

Additionally, the library provides access to electronic databases, shared eBook collections containing over 340,000 titles, and 34,999 electronic journals [6]. Remote access is available to all electronic resources twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week via the library’s website. User authentication (student or faculty username and password) is required for off-campus access. Library holdings consist of resources that support the curriculum of all the undergraduate programs as well as the graduate programs offered by the University.

Eighty-four percent of faculty respondents rated the library’s resources as good or excellent in satisfying their needs in their academic areas, and 95% of students surveyed responded “yes” to finding material needed for classroom assignments [7]. Data submitted to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) reveals that Francis Marion ranks favorably in terms of library holdings with peer institutions. Table 1 below contains a summary of data retrieved from the IPEDS website, which compares numbers between registered institutions:

 

2015-16 Library Holdings Comparison from IPEDS DATA
Citadel
Francis Marion University
SC State University
FTE
3506
3947
3054
Books
173,412
409,889
313,029
Digital/Electronic Collection
143,274
343,000
195,578
Databases
81
142
114

Table 1. 2015-2016 Library Holdings

Sufficiency

The library ensures that it provides adequate resources to all students and sufficient materials to all programs by evaluating its resources every time a new program is proposed. Every New Program Proposal form has a section entitled “Library and Learning Resources” that must be filled out before the proposal is submitted to CHE for approval.  The most recent Francis Marion program to be approved was the Speech Pathology program, where a consultant from the University of North Carolina Greensboro evaluated the library’s resources to ensure it contained all necessary materials for the students within the program to succeed [8].

Library Allocations

The institution allocates funds annually for library acquisitions. Budget allocations originate in the Provost’s Office. The allocations for the past five years are in Table 2 below:

YearAllocation
2012-2013
$896,000
2013-2014
$898,000
2014-2015
$899,000
2015-2016
$904,000
2016-2017
$904,000

Table 2. Budget Allocations 2012-2017

Additional funding sources include the deMontluzin Golf Classic Fund, which averages $7,249 per year for the past five years, a five-year Department of Education grant which expired 2015-2016, and special institutional funding to support the development of a dedicated African American Collection.

Faculty input is vital in the library’s collection development efforts. To that end, the library solicits faculty input and assigns all librarians as liaisons to all academic departments to facilitate identifying and selecting new library resources to support the various programs. Faculty are encouraged to submit material requests via the library’s website. Expenditures for the 2015-16 fiscal year exceed $780,000 for library resources [9]. The library liaisons to academic departments facilitate collaborative collection development efforts. Table 3 below details these liaisons, and additional information is available on the library’s website [10].

Library Liaisons
Nathan Flowers
-Biology
-Geography
-Political Science
Bernadette Johnson
-English
-Modern Language
-Philosophy & Religion
Faith Keller
-Education
-Nursing
Cindy Miller
-Mass Communications
Demetra Pearson
-Chemistry
Virginia Pierce
Astronomy & -Physics
-Psychology
-Sociology
Steven Sims
-Business
-Math
M. Suzanne Singleton
-Fine Arts
-History

Table 3. Department Liaisons

The library is equipped with computers to support academic research and related studies.  Each computer has Microsoft Office 2010 and internet access. There are also seven Macintosh desktop computers available in a small lab with Adobe Creative Suite. The library manages the campus-wide ID card program.  All students, faculty and staff are required to have a valid University photo ID card, which also serves as their University library card.

In addition to the library’s collections, there are also many other learning resources provided through ownership or formal arrangements or agreements. The library has partnered with 56 other accredited institutions of higher learning to form a virtual network of collaborative ventures. The University is a member of the Partnership Among South Carolina Academic Libraries (PASCAL), a consortium of South Carolina’s academic libraries together with their parent institutions and state agency partners that fosters cooperation on a broad range of issues including consortia purchasing/shared licensing of electronic resources, universal borrowing, and a virtual union catalog of the state’s academic resources via an integrated library system [11].

The library’s current electronic resources are further supplemented by PASCAL Electronic Resources (Academic Search Premier, Literature Resource Center, Institute of Physics Archives, and 3D Human Anatomy & Physiology) as well as various ebook provider platforms that contain over 250,000 titles via the Rogers Library website. Additionally, all University students, faculty and staff have access to DISCUS, South Carolina’s Virtual Library, provided by the South Carolina State Library, as well as approximately 80 university acquired database licenses/subscriptions [12].

The library offers traditional interlibrary loan service via OCLC Iliad. Interlibrary loan services are further strengthened due to the library’s membership with PASCAL. PASCAL Delivers is a rapid book-delivery service which enables students, faculty and staff across the state to search, request, and receive books from member academic libraries in South Carolina.  Requests are patron initiated and books usually arrive at a patron’s home institution library via courier service within a few days. Over 12 million PASCAL member-library owned items are available in the union catalog which is accessible via the Rogers Library website [13].

Access for Library Resources at Off-Site/Other Locations

Francis Marion University does not have any off-site locations that are not part of the University campus. However, the Carter Center, while part of the University campus, is located in downtown Florence.

Carter Center Downtown

The Carter Center for Health Sciences is a part of the Francis Marion University campus, and University students at the Center have the capability to access the same library materials as students at the main location. Students enrolled at this location have 24/7 access to the building with their University ID. Although a physical collection is not available at the Carter Center, students with a valid University ID still have access to approximately 80 electronic resources via computers with internet access in the computer lab and the Rogers Library website. If students need physical library materials, they may either visit the library in person or they may a search the online catalog (via the Rogers Library website) and request material delivery via PASCAL Delivers. Rogers Library resources can be readily transported to the downtown site via the daily University campus/courier mail service. Deliveries are made every business day between the main campus and downtown.

Library Services

The James A. Rogers Library supports student and faculty use of the library by providing students and faculty with an array of services that include but are not limited to the following:

  • Online catalog access
  • Access to approximately 65 public access computers throughout the library
  • Reference (via chat, in person, phone, or email)
  • Subject guides
  • Bibliographic instruction (individual or group)
  • Library liaisons for academic departments
  • Interlibrary Loan Service
    • ILLiad
    • PASCAL Delivers
  • Campus-wide ID card program
  • Access Services
    • Reserves
    • Laptops
    • DVD players
  • Systems or technology-related assistance
  • Copiers/printers
  • Individual and group study rooms or carrels
  • Classroom for group instruction (Rogers Library 201)
  • Beverage and snack vending area.

Additionally, the library exhibits two 1836 historical Hewn Timber Cabins, which were originally located in the center of the University campus. The cabin exhibits are available to Pee Dee area students in grades K-12, the SC Department of History and Archives, University classes, and community organizations. To enhance the Hewn Timber Cabin exhibits on campus, the library staff helps maintain a web page with SC Curriculum Standards Lesson Plans. The cabins were placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974, and nine acres were donated for their preservation in 1980. The library conducts tours for area school students and other campus visitors [14].

Additional services provided by the University that are separate from the James A. Rogers Library are expanded upon in Table 4 below.

Francis Marion University Learning Resources & Services
Learning/Information Resources
Services Provided
Center for Academic Success and AdvisementFacilitates student questions about registration for courses, majors and minors, study habits, time management, career guidance, and more. Oversees the Tutoring and Writing Centers as well as Career Development [15].
Computer and Technology ServicesProvides information technology resources and services for the instructional and research missions of the University [16].
Campus Tutoring CenterOffers students the opportunity to seek free assistance in all academic areas from trained peer tutors free of charge [17].
Center of Excellence to Prepare Teachers of Children of Poverty Increases the achievement of children of poverty by improving the quality of undergraduate teacher preparation, graduate teacher preparation, and the professional development of in-service teachers [18].
Media CenterProvides comprehensive facilities for the production and presentation of audiovisual materials and classroom space [19].
Office of Counseling and Testing (including services for students with disabilities)Meets the personal counseling needs of students, coordinates the advanced-placement testing program, and administers standardized tests utilized in certification by graduate and professional programs [20].
Writing CenterHelps students improve their writing abilities and acquire the skills needed to succeed at writing tasks in academic and professional communities [21].

Table 4. Learning Resources & Services

Documentation

  1. Annual Report of the James A. Rogers Library, Introduction, p. 9
  2. James A. Rogers Website, Library Hours
  3. Annual Report of the James A. Rogers Library, Conclusion, p. 11
  4. Annual Report of the James A. Rogers Library, Student Survey, p. 44-47
  5. Annual Report of the James A. Rogers Library, Fact Sheet, p. 50
  6. Catalog 2016-2017, James A. Rogers Library, p. 14
  7. Annual Report of the James A. Rogers Library, Equipment, p. 44, 48
  8. New Course Proposal Form, Library and Learning Resources
  9. Annual Report of the James A. Rogers Library, Expenditures, p. 81
  10. James A. Rogers Website, Liaison Program
  11. PASCAL Website, About Us
  12. PASCAL Website, Electronic Resources
  13. PASCAL Website, PASCAL Delivers
  14. Hewn Timber Cabins Website
  15. FMU Website, Center for Academic Success and Advisement
  16. Catalog 2016-2017, Computer and Technology Services, p. 17
  17. Catalog 2016-2017, Tutoring Center, p. 17
  18. Center of Excellence Website
  19. Catalog 2016-2017, Media Center, p. 17
  20. Catalog 2016-2017, Counseling and Testing, p. 18
  21. Catalog 2016-2017, Writing Center, p. 17